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Adaptive Track & Field USA

Setting the standards and records
for adaptive athletes in the USA

Para Athletics Overview

Athletics, known more commonly as track and field in the USA, is one of the most popular Paralympic sports. Para Athletics was included in the competition program of the first Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. It involves the largest number of male and female athletes and the largest number of events on the Paralympic Games program.

Participants in the Paralympic Games are male and female athletes with cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, amputations, short stature, visual impairments, intellectual impairments, or other physical impairments. Athletes may compete with a guide, using a prosthetic or in a wheelchair depending upon impairment. The competition program includes track, throwing, and jumping events and a marathon.

Classification:

Athletes are classified in various classes based on their impairment:

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T/F 11-13: Athletes with a visual impairment. 

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T/F20: Athletes with intellectual impairments. 

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T/F 31-38: Athletes with hypertonia, ataxia and athetosis (cerebral palsy). T/F 31 to 34 athletes compete seated in throwing and in a wheelchair in track. T/F35-38 athletes compete standing. 

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T/F 40-41: Athletes with short stature.

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T/F 42-47: Athletes with limb deficiency that compete standing. (no Prosthesis) (42-44 Lower limb / 45-47 Upper Limb)

T/F 61-64: Athletes with leg limb deficiency (Amputee) that compete standing with a prosthesis.

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T/F 51-57: Athletes with impaired muscle power or range of motion or limb deficiency that compete seated.
Track classification - T51-54.
Field classification - F51-57.